NDVI Time series in Google Earth Engine

The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is a spectral index used to quantify the greenness of vegetation. Earlier on, we had calculated NDVI and this blog will focus on a time series chart of a region over a period of time as follows:

  • Define and import the region of interest. This is done using the geometry tool.
Configuring GEE for NDVI
  • Import the image collection.
  • Add and center the layer for region of interest.
Map.addLayer(geometry, {color: 'red'}, 'Forest');
  • Filter the image collection for time, cloud cover and bounds to the region of interest.
var filtered = sentinel
  .filter(ee.Filter.date('2019-01-01', '2020-01-01'))
  .filter(ee.Filter.lt('CLOUDY_PIXEL_PERCENTAGE', 30))
  • Mask clouds from the image.
function maskclouds(image) {
  var qa = image.select('QA60');
  var cloudBitMask = 1 << 10;
  var cirrusBitMask = 1 << 11;
  var mask = qa.bitwiseAnd(cloudBitMask).eq(0).and(
  return image.updateMask(mask)//.divide(10000)
      .copyProperties(image, ["system:time_start"]);

var filtered = filtered.map(maskclouds);
  • Compute the NDVI using a function and map it over the collection.
function computeNDVI(image) {
  var ndvi = image.normalizedDifference(['B8', 'B4']).rename('ndvi');
  return image.addBands(ndvi);

var withNdvi = filtered.map(computeNDVI);
  • Create the chart to show the NDVI values over the given time period.
var chart = ui.Chart.image.series({
  imageCollection: withNdvi.select('ndvi'),
  region: geometry,
  reducer: ee.Reducer.mean(),
  scale: 20
      lineWidth: 1,
      title: 'NDVI Time Series',
      interpolateNulls: true,
      vAxis: {title: 'NDVI'},
      hAxis: {title: '', format: 'YYYY-MMM'}

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